He said their only two choices were to agree to have their kids held back in a regular 5th grade class or transfer them to a different school outside the Success charter network of 46 schools.
I contacted two attorneys with experience in special education, who told me that if their IEPs mandated a 12-1-1 class the school could not legally get rid of the program, but neither parent wanted to sue. Neither did they want their children to be held back, since they’d been held back already at least once already by Success and felt that their children’s records did not merit being retained once again. I asked the two parents to email the principal to confirm their story, and to copy Eva Moskowitz.
A few weeks later, I checked back with the parents, and they told me their emails had not been responded to by anyone at the network. They put me in touch with a third parent who confirmed their story -- that the entire class of fifth graders had essentially been driven out of the school, and the parents had received no help from Success in finding a new school.
I then contacted Ellen McHugh of the Citywide Council of Special Education for advice. She contacted the special education office at the NYC Department of Education to ask them if they knew about this; and they did not. (The DOE’s Committee on Special Education is officially in charge of overseeing all special education students, including those enrolled at NYC charter schools, to ensure that they are receiving their mandated services.)
The DOE must have then contacted Success to ask them what was going on, because the next day, the parents received calls from different administrators at the school. One parent was now offered a seat for her son in a 12-1-1 class at a Success Academy Middle school in Ditmas Park, many miles away from her home– though he would still be held back, even though he was reading at grade level and had received 71.1% on his report card for the year.
According to Success’s account in an article in today’s Politico Pro, five out of the ten children in the class were going to be held back. Of the five students that Success had decided could move forward, they were offered a seat in a 12-1-1 class at a school even further away – Success Academy Midtown West in Manhattan. Here is the explanation offered by Success officials to the Politico reporter, Madina Touré:
Success told POLITICO that five of the 10 students in the 12:1:1 class were held back, which would have resulted in five students in a fifth-grade 12:1:1 class and five students in a 12:1:1 sixth-grade class. The network, Success said, does not have the space, teachers or funds to offer classes with five students each.
Success said that the school did not have a 12:1:1 class in the fourth grade last year because its schools go from kindergarten to fourth grade and then fifth grade to eighth grade.
Success also said that students are supposed to be educated in the "least restrictive environment," noting that an 8:1 or 6:1 class "is considered more restrictive than a 12:1:1."
The network offered the sixth-graders the option of a seat at Success Academy Midtown West in Manhattan in a 12:1:1 classroom or to stay at Bed-Stuy 1 in an Integrated Co-Teaching classroom — classes led by two teachers that combine special education students with general education students who need extra help.
The fifth-graders were offered a seat in a 12:1:1 classroom at Success Academy Ditmas Park Middle School in Brooklyn or an ICT classroom at Bed-Stuy 1. Eight of the 10 students are enrolled at Unity Prep, Success said.
First, these kids were not offered a seat in any 12-1-1 class until DOE interceded with Success and blew the whistle. Second, most 12-1-1 classes feature mixed grades, so this makes little sense as an explanation.
More likely, Success officials decided to get rid of this class because it was too hard to find a qualified teacher, as the principal had told the parents, and these students had likely brought the school’s test scores down in any case.
The principal, Rishabh Agarwal, refused to comment to Politico and is no longer working at Success. According to his LinkedIn profile, he is now attending Harvard Business School, which suits his resume since before being hired as an “analyst” and administrator at Success, his only previous work experience was as stock analyst at a brokerage house in Chicago.
On May 30, 2018, just a few days before the parents at Bed Stuy Middle school were told to find a new school for their children, Charles Sahm of the Manhattan Institute wrote the sort of glowing account of Success Academy for The 74 that is usual for that news site, funded by a typical array of pro-privatization foundations, including Gates, Walton and Bloomberg, as well as Jon Sackler, whose family made their fortune off Oxycontin.
This piece, later reprinted on the Manhattan Institute website, focused on the network’s results with kids with disabilities, and more specifically with students in their 12-1-1 programs. Sahm reported that “This year, Success has 24 self-contained classes serving 288 students…. when students need that level of support, the network seeks space in one of its 17 schools offering 12:1:1.”
Hmm. Success told Madina Touré, the Politico reporter, that next year they will have “18 12:1:1 classes at 13 different Success schools” so it appears that they are eliminating one fourth of all their 12:1:1 classes in one year, at four of their schools – even though the total number of Success charter schools and students is still expanding fast.
It can’t be for lack of space; as we know from DOE that there are more than 3,000 empty seats in Success charter schools in Brooklyn alone. I wonder where all the other students who were attending 12-1-1 classes will attend school next year. (If you are a parent of one of these children, feel free to contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org)
Sahm went on to explain how well these Success students in 12-1-1 classes do on the state exams:
Of Success students with special needs, 82 percent scored proficient in math and 60 percent in English. Success reports that even among its students with moderate to severe learning disabilities — those assigned to self-contained classrooms with other students who have learning disabilities — 54 percent scored proficient in math and 32 percent in English. Astonishingly, Success students in self-contained classrooms outperformed both district and charter school math proficiency averages.
Now that one knows how they achieved these high test scores by carefully winnowing out high-needs students, these results do not seem so miraculous after all.
Sahm then quoted Julie Freese, who oversees Success’s special education efforts: “Success staffs its 12:1:1 and ICT classrooms with lead teachers experienced in special education. ‘We put our best teachers with our most vulnerable students,’ she notes.”
One of the parents told me that a woman named Karen Wade was the lead teacher of her child’s 12-1-1 class last year at Success Bed Stuy middle school. I looked Wade up on the state website for certified teachers – and she isn’t listed, meaning she had no kind of teaching certification, no less one in special education. Then I found her profile at Linked in.
According to her profile, Karen Wade graduated from Brooklyn College with a BS in psychology in 2015, was a sales assistant at H & M and Saks department stores for several years, then an administrative assistant for three months at Nazareth Regional high school, a parochial school in Brooklyn.
She had no teaching experience of any kind when she was hired as the lead teacher in March 2017 for the 12-1-1 class at Success Academy. So if her class of students wasn’t progressing to the extent that Eva Moskowitz wanted, perhaps it wasn’t the fault of the students but a result of the inadequate teaching and training at her school.
Unfortunately most of the article is behind a paywall, but below is the excerpt featured in Politico Morning newsletter. Also be sure to check out yesterday’s Chalkbeat account of the abusive treatment of students at the sole Success Academy high school, where “28 out of about 300 students were sent back to an earlier grade, some moving back to eighth grade after starting high school” and only 18 of the 67 faculty and staff are expected to return this year. That piece ends with Eva Moskowitz proclaiming to the students, "I could have said, look, I’m going to throw in the towel...I didn’t abandon you. I’m here.” In the case of these special needs students, they weren't so fortunate. And check out the latest news about a lawsuit by parents of special needs children kicked out of Success Academy Fort Greene elementary school, which a federal judge recently ruled could go forward.
SUCCESS NIXED SPECIAL ED CLASS, PARENTS SCRAMBLE — POLITICO's Madina Touré: "A Success Academy middle school in Brooklyn will eliminate a certain special education class this school year, said parents of fifth graders in the class who were informed of the news at the end of last year and told they would need to find other schools or be held back. The move has renewed scrutiny of special education services at Success, with state and federal law offering different interpretations as to whether the network is legally required to offer the class. It is also contributing to a narrative among charter critics that the schools cherry-pick students to boost their performance numbers.
Parents of fifth graders at Success Academy Bed-Stuy Middle School said that, in June, they were informed that there would no longer be a 12:1:1 class — 12 students, one teacher and one paraprofessional — at the school. The school's 12:1:1 class had 10 students, according to Success. The parents said that the school's principal at the time, Rishabh Agarwal, told them that it was too hard to find qualified teachers. Initially, they said, the school told them that the students would have to either leave the school or be held back in a fifth grade general education class. The group Class Size Matters intervened, contacting the city's Department of Education in July. Success, they said, reached out to the families again this month.
"This is a technique that many people have reported on that is a way to persuade parents to take their kids out of Success — that they threaten to hold them back, but they repeatedly hold them back," said Leonie Haimson, founder and executive director of the group. One of the parents, Jinnel, who asked that only her first name be used, said that the principal informed her that her daughter would have to repeat the fifth grade — which she said was frustrating given that her daughter had already repeated first grade when she started at Success.
"I found that [that] was really unfair because at the time, school was about to close," she said, expressing disappointment over the move. "It's a shame because every year, we go to the rallies. We supported these people and to get this kind of news, it's terrible." Read more here.