Thursday, September 28, 2017

Join our free webinar Oct. 3 and learn how to protect your child's privacy!

Sunday, September 24, 2017

How many thousands of school seats were lost during the past decade, how did this contribute to overcrowding and how many went to charter school students?

Last  week Class Size Matters released a new report entitled Seats Gained and Lost in NYC Schools: The Untold Story.  For the first time, this study documented that more than 50,000 NYC public school seats were eliminated during the decade of 2004 to 2013.

These seat losses, mostly because of lapsed leases, the removal of trailers and the elimination of annexes, were identified using data from the annual DOE School Capacity and Utilization Reports, known more familiarly as the Blue Books.

Rather than creating net 100,000 seats during this period, as former Mayor Michael Bloomberg and the Mayor's Management Report claimed, the real figure was less than half that number — only about 45,000, when seat loss is taken into account.

Moreover, of these net seats, the vast majority were filled by charter school students in public school buildings, with only 2,357 net seats filled by district public school students during this decade.

These findings help explain the worsening overcrowding that has plagued New York City schools, especially in the elementary grades, with the number of overcrowded elementary school buildings increasing by 17 percent and the number of students in these buildings increasing by 29 percent between 2004 and 2012. 

Meanwhile, the total number of students last year in overcrowded school buildings of all kinds was more than 575,000 --- according to the DOE's own "target" methodology.

In fully half of all districts, elementary school buildings lost net capacity during this period.  Of the 19 districts that experience growth in elementary school enrollment, in only three districts did the net new capacity exceed growth: in districts 2, 11, and 22.  If you'd like to see how many seats your district lost during this period, check out the report here or below.

The report also points out several factors that may make seat loss an even more important concern in the future.  This includes the DOE’s plan to accelerate the planned removal of TCUs or trailers, and the fact that there are no funds allocated in the five-year capital plan towards replacing their classrooms.  Moreover, the amount of funding in the capital plan dedicated to replacing lost leases has sharply declined since 2009.

We suggested some  proposals that the DOE could use to stem the loss of seats and to make the process of school planning more transparent and efficient, so that the problem of overcrowding doesn't worsen,  given the boom in residential development throughout the city and the Mayor's focus on increasing the number of affordable and market-rate housing units.

We also urged an end to any further co-locations, which exacerbate overcrowding; and our figures showing that the vast majority of net new seats went to charter school students over this decade provides an important factual counterbalance to the constant demand from the charter school lobby for more space within our already overcrowded school buildings, and the claim that they have been deprived of their fair share of classrooms. 

Unfortunately, very few news outlets carried stories about the report, including those that repeatedly report on the non-newsworthy complaints from the charter lobby every time they hold a press conference or send out a press release.  The Walton Foundation and hedge-funder backed charter including Families for Excellent Schools, Students First, and other astroturf organizations, constantly and erroneously repeat the refrain that charters are unfairly deprived of their fair share of space. Why this lack of interest on the part of NYC reporters?  I could speculate but choose not to.

Instead, please take a look at the report yourselves, and please let me know what you think in the comments below.  thanks!

Monday, September 18, 2017

Please take our 5-minute class size survey!

Welcome back to a new school year! 

Please take our five-minute class size survey to let us know how large your child’s class size is this year; teachers, your input is welcome too!   In NYC, the administration has until Sept. 20 to get below the union class size limits – which are already far too high. I’ve already heard of one NYC high school with 260 classes that violate these limits -- meaning more than 34 students per class.

In case you missed it, this summer we filed a legal complaint with the NY State Education Department to enforce the law requiring NYC schools to reduce class size. We hope to hear back from the Commissioner soon.   Meanwhile, after submitting a Freedom of Information Law request a year and a half ago, we finally got back a heavily redacted memo from the Mayor’s office, which blacked out their reasons for rejecting a proposal to align the school capacity formula with smaller classes. Check it out here.

Sunday, September 17, 2017

Call your Senators today to support what new poll shows parents really want in their neighborhood public schools: funding to reduce class size not "choice"

On Thursday, the full House of Representatives voted to approve massive cuts to the federal education budget, including the complete elimination of the $2 billion Title II program that provides funds to districts to enhance teacher quality and reduce class size.

In NYC, the entire Title II amount is spent on keeping about 1000 teachers on staff to prevent further class size increases.

Please call your Senators today  -- tell them to retain full funding for Title II and class size reduction in the education budget!  Their DC phone numbers can be found here.  If their phones are busy, here's how to send a free fax.

On Tuesday just two days before, the AFT released a new nationwide poll of 1200 parents, showing that most parents care deeply about increasing funding to their public schools and reducing class size.  Here are some of the results: 

1.  Turns out the top choice of most parents is a good quality neighborhood school that they can send their kids to rather than more "choice" -- by more than two to one.

2. Parents believe that the most important problems facing our public schools are inadequate funding, too much emphasis on standardized tests, and large classes; way behind at number 8 is not enough "choice."

In terms of specific improvements that parents want for their children's schools, they would like expanded access to career and technical education and smaller classes; third is more resources to struggling neighborhood schools.

Unsurprisingly, parents trust teachers far more than they trust Donald Trump, Betsy DeVos or  hedge fund managers to have the right ideas for public education -- given the fact that these individuals want to privatize our public schools in the guise of expanding "choice" rather than support and improve the schools we have:

The full results of the poll, including subgroups responses, are here;  meanwhile, please call your Senators today or send them a free fax!

Thursday, September 14, 2017

What is City Hall trying to hide? See their decision memo blacking out why they refused to align the school capacity formula with smaller classes

Yesterday, the DOE announced changes to its Freedom of Information guidelines, stating that from now on, they will attempt to more accurately estimate when they will provide the documents requested, including "the approximate date, which must be reasonable under the circumstances, when the request will be granted or denied."

The current practice is that every month or so, the DOE’s legal office sends you a boilerplate email saying they are still looking for the document, but “due to the volume and complexity of requests” it will take another month “to respond substantively to your request.”  Then the next month goes by, and you get the exact same message again.

I currently have four FOIL requests outstanding for over a year, including the Renewal school’s class size reduction efforts and funding for this purpose, technology spending by DOE between 2011 and 2015, the cost of charter school facility upgrades and leases charter leases and facility upgrades between FY 2014 and FY 2016, and the names of the private organizations receiving student personal information and the legal agreements on how this data will be used and shared. 

All these requests were filed in April 2016 and I am still waiting; nearly a  year and a half later, for a substantive response.

Despite de Blasio’s campaign promises that he would reform the FOIL process and respond in a more timely fashion, the response time is now worse than ever, and DOE remains the least transparent city agency in response time according to this Chalkbeat analysis.   (See also the section on Transparency in the KidsPAC report card in which the Mayor got an "F".)

The current wait times and continual postponements of a substantive response are a violation of law, since they represent a “constructive denial” according to Robert Freeman of the NY Open Government Committee and other experts.  Whether or not this new procedure will mean that the DOE will respond any more speedily to FOIL requests is completely unknown.  I remain skeptical. The new policy was instituted as a result of a lawsuit by the NY Post, so perhaps if the DOE doesn’t shape up their act, they will have to go back to court.  

When I was on vacation in the middle of August,  I did receive a substantive response to one of my FOILs – this time one I filed to the Mayor’s office.  On April 10, 2016, I asked for the decision memo from the Mayor's office about their decision  to accept or reject the thirteen recommendations of the Blue Book Working group . This working group, appointed by the Chancellor and co-chaired by Lorraine Grillo, the head of the School Construction Authority, had recommended in December 2014 that the DOE align the school capacity formula to the smaller class sizes in their original Contract for Excellence class size reduction plan

The City sat on these recommendations for more than six months, and finally in July 2015, in the middle of summer, announced that they would accept seven of the 13 but reject six others, including what many members said was the most important one: to align the capacity formula with smaller class sizes.  There were several articles about this rejection, including in Chalkbeat and WNYC Schoolbook , DNAinfo, and on my blog here  and here.

The city’s decision not to align the school capacity formula is also an important factor cited  in our class size complaint to the state, filed in July; (see p. 13 of the complaint) , providing yet more evidence of the city’s violation of the Contract for Excellence law, which requires NYC to lower class size and to align its school construction plan with its class size reduction plan. To this day, no one from City Hall has explained their reasons for rejection this proposal -- though members of the Working Group have repeatedly asked for them to do so. 

The final decision memo from the Mayor’s office that I finally received in August is dated May 28, 2015, and is almost entirely blacked out.   The only info that is legible pertains to which recommendations they accepted, with all the explanations for the basis for their decisions redacted.  They even blacked out any mention of the six recommendations they rejected.

The other interesting aspect of the decision memo is how it was signed off on by many high- level staff -- including the Deputy Mayor, the Corporation Counsel, the Chief of Staff, Emma Wolfe, and Dean Fulehain, head of OMB, but no one from the DOE or SCA, which is peculiar given how the issue pertains to the way school capacity will be measured. 

The Mayor’s office FOIL determination letter that I received along with the memo claims the redactions were made because of the exception to FOIL listed under Public Officers Law Section 87(2)(g):
Documents exempted from release include:
(g) are inter-agency or intra-agency materials which are not:
   i. statistical or factual tabulations or data;
   ii. instructions to staff that affect the public;
   iii. final agency policy or determinations;

Yet though this decision memo does pertain to intra-agency communications, it is also a "final agency policy or determination."  
It also presumably cited facts to explain and rationalize the decisions made.  If there were no facts cited to explain the decisions made,  this would even be worse.  Below is my appeal letter to the state, making these points with relevant evidence from previous court decisions and asking them to provide a cleaner copy.

Henry Berger, Records Appeals Office
RE: ID #2016-002-00063

Dear Mr. Berger:

I am appealing the decision to redact nearly the entire City Hall decision memo dated May 28, 2015, that approved or rejected certain proposals on reforming the school capacity formula; this letter is attached.
The FOIL determination letter that I received along with the memo stated that the redactions were made because of exceptions listed under Public Officers Law Section 87(2)(g):
Documents exempted from release include:
(g) are inter-agency or intra-agency materials which are not:
   i. statistical or factual tabulations or data;
   ii. instructions to staff that affect the public;
   iii. final agency policy or determinations… 

Yet though this decision memo does include intra-agency communications, it is also a "final agency policy or determination."   It also presumably included at least some facts to explain and rationalize the determinations made, which should not have been redacted.
See also  these relevant legal cases, granting access to such documents, from the Committee on Open Government website:

New York Times Co. v. City of New York Fire Dep't, 4 N.Y.3d 477, 796 N.Y.S.2d 302 (2005) (held, dispatch calls made over Fire Department's internal communications system concerning response to September 11 terrorist attacks are disclosable "to the extent they consist of factual statements or instructions affecting the public"),,,,

Miller v. Hewlett-Woodmere Union Free School District, N.Y.L.J., May 16, 1990 (Sup. Ct., Nassau County, 1990) (granting access to records of final decision denying request to change schools); Rold v. Coughlin, 142 Misc.2d 877, 538 N.Y.S.2d 896, (Sup. Ct. 1989) (granting access to inmate health care records as factual data and final agency determinations);

I urge you to reconsider and remove these redactions that related to these determinations as:

1- this is a final decision memo; and 2- presumably the explanations contained at least some facts.

This appeal is filed within 23 business days from the day I received the redacted memo.

Leonie Haimson
Executive Director
Class Size Matters